# harmonic

**harmonic: 1.** Of a sinusoidal wave, an integral multiple of the frequency of the wave. *Note:* The frequency of the sine wave is called the fundamental frequency or the first harmonic, the second harmonic is twice the fundamental frequency, the third harmonic is thrice the fundamental frequency, *etc.* **2.** Of a periodic signal or other periodic phenomenon, such as an electromagnetic wave or a sound wave, a component frequency of the signal that is an integral multiple of the fundamental frequency. *Note:* The fundamental frequency is the reciprocal of the period of the periodic phenomenon. *Contrast with* **fundamental, overtone.**

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