where *e* _{o} is the output, *e* _{i} is the input, *G* is the forward gain, and *H* is the backward gain, *i.e.,* the fraction of the output that is fed back and combined with the input in a subtracter. **3** . Of an optical fiber, the complex mathematical function that expresses the ratio of the variation, as a function of modulation frequency, of the instantaneous power of the optical signal at the output of the fiber, to the instantaneous power of the optical signal that is launched into the fiber. *Note:* The optical detectors used in communication applications are square-law devices. Their output current is proportional to the input optical power. Because electrical power is proportional to current, when the optical power input drops by one-half (3 dB), the electrical power at the output of the detector drops by three-quarters (6 dB). [FAA]

This HTML version of FS-1037C was last generated on Fri Aug 23 00:22:38 MDT 1996