Institute for Telecommunication Sciences
the research laboratory of the National Telecommunications and Information Administration

George A. Hufford; Anita G. Longley; William A. Kissick

Abstract: The ITS model of radio propagation for frequencies between 20 MHz and 20 GHz (the Longley–Rice model) is a general purpose model that can be applied to a large variety of engineering problems. The model, which is based on electromagnetic theory and on statistical analyses of both terrain features and radio measurements, predicts the median attenuation of a radio signal as a function of distance and the vari-ability of the signal in time and in space. The model is described in the form used to make "area predictions" for such applications as preliminary estimates for system design, military tactical situations and surveillance, and land–mobile sys-tems. This guide describes the basis of the model, its implementation, and some advantages and limitations of its use. Sample problems are included to demonstrate applications of the model.

Keywords: SHF; VHF; UHF; area prediction; radio propagation model; statistics; terrain effects

To request a reprint of this report, contact:

Lilli Segre, Publications Officer
Institute for Telecommunication Sciences
(303) 497-3572

Disclaimer: Certain commercial equipment, components, and software may be identified in this report to specify adequately the technical aspects of the reported results. In no case does such identification imply recommendation or endorsement by the National Telecommunications and Information Administration, nor does it imply that the equipment or software identified is necessarily the best available for the particular application or uses.

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