Institute for Telecommunication Sciences
the research laboratory of the National Telecommunications and Information Administration

David Anderson; David J. Cohen

Abstract: A computer program was developed to calculate the power spectral density (PSD) and the fractional power containment bandwidth for various digital modulation techniques. The power containment capability was used to provide guidance for determination of necessary bandwidth in support of Annex J of the "NTIA Manual of Regulations and Procedures for Federal Radio Frequency Management." This report documents the models contained in the computer program and illustrates the models with various sample problems. The report also shows the verification of the computer program implementation. The digital modulation techniques that are presently included in the computer program are: phase shift keying (PSK) with non-return-to-zero modulation, quadrature amplitude modulation (OAM), frequency shift keying (FSK), minimum shift keying (MSK), bi-phase shift keying with raised cosine modulation, bi-phase shift keying with Manchester modulation.

Keywords: frequency shift keying (FSK); phase shift keying (PSK); quadrature amplitude modulation (QAM); minimum shift keying (MSK); bi-phase shift keying

To request a reprint of this report, contact:

Ed Drocella, Chief,
Spectrum Engineering and Analysis Division
Office of Spectrum Management
National Telecommunications and Information Administration
(202) 482-1652

Disclaimer: Certain commercial equipment, components, and software may be identified in this report to specify adequately the technical aspects of the reported results. In no case does such identification imply recommendation or endorsement by the National Telecommunications and Information Administration, nor does it imply that the equipment or software identified is necessarily the best available for the particular application or uses.

Back to Search Results