Institute for Telecommunication Sciences
the research laboratory of the National Telecommunications and Information Administration

Stephen Wolf

Abstract: Digital video transmission systems consisting of a video encoder, a digital transmission method (e.g., Internet Protocol – IP), and a video decoder can produce pauses in the video presentation, after which the video may continue with or without skipping v

Keywords: video quality; calibration; delay; causality; dropped frames; Full Reference (FR); pausing; skipping


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