Institute for Telecommunication Sciences
the research laboratory of the National Telecommunications and Information Administration

S. Voran

Abstract: We describe a new approach to the estimation of perceived speech quality. The approach uses a simple, but effective, perceptual transformation to emulate hearing and a hierarchy of Measuring Normalizing Blocks (MNB's) to emulate auditory judgment. The resulting estimates were correlated with the results of seven subjective listening tests. Together, these seven tests include 182 4-kHz bandwidth speech codecs, transmission systems, and reference conditions, with bit-rates ranging from 2.4 to 64 kbps. When compared with six other estimators, the MNB approach offers significant improvements in many cases, particularly at lower bit-rates, and when bit errors or frame erasures are present.

Keywords: speech coding; bandwidth; Testing; auditory system; speech codecs; frequency estimation; frequency measurement; speech analysis; time measurement


To request a reprint of this report, contact:

Lilli Segre, Publications Officer
Institute for Telecommunication Sciences
(303) 497-3572
LSegre@ntia.gov

For technical information concerning this report, contact:

Stephen D. Voran
Institute for Telecommunication Sciences
(303) 497-3839
svoran@ntia.doc.gov


Disclaimer: Certain commercial equipment, components, and software may be identified in this report to specify adequately the technical aspects of the reported results. In no case does such identification imply recommendation or endorsement by the National Telecommunications and Information Administration, nor does it imply that the equipment or software identified is necessarily the best available for the particular application or uses.

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